The Biblical Teaching Of Death

THE BIBLICAL TEACHING OF DEATH

INTRODUCTION

Death is common to all of us. No one is a stranger. The very word “death” changes the atmosphere of a room. As death is common, it is also misunderstood. It seems that there are as many opinions about death as there are conversations. Everyone has their own ideas.

The experience of dying seems to be the vogue conversation today. Books have been written on dying by Christians and non-Christians. The data in these books seems contradictory. There are three books that interested Christians may wish to examine: Voices From the Edge of Eternity, Beyond Death’s Door and Ninety Minutes In Heaven.

THEME: WHAT CAN WE UNDERSTAND ABOUT DEATH?

I. WE CAN UNDERSTAND ITS ORIGIN

     A. Death Originated In The Garden Of Eden        Genesis 2:17

     B. The Result Of Adam’s Sin Was Death Genesis 3:19

     C. All Descendants Of Adam Are Under The Sentence Of Death

          1. Romans 5:12

         2. I Corinthians 15:21, 26

     D. Death Is The One Word In Scripture Which Designates The Total Penalty Of Sin

          1. Physical death

          2. Spiritual death

T.S. WHAT CAN WE UNDERSTAND ABOUT DEATH?

          I. WE CAN UNDERSTAND THE ORIGIN OF DEATH

II. WE CAN UNDERSTAND THE EVENT OF DEATH

     A. Death Is The Separation Of Body And Soul

          1. II Corinthians 5:6-9

               a. The key words

                    1) Present

                    2) Absent

               b. At home in the body is to be alive

               c. Absence from the body is to be with the Lord

          2. Philippians 1:21-24

               a. To depart (from the body) and to be with Christ is far better

               b. To abide in the flesh is needful for you

          3. Body to dust – spirit to God        Ecclesiastes 12:7

          4. The soul of the child Elijah raised came back to him      I Kings 17:21-22

          5. The daughter of Jairus:  “her spirit returned”       Luke 8:55

          6. Jesus, dying, committed His Spirit to His Father

               a. Luke 23:46

               b. John 19:30

          7. Stephen cried out, “Lord Jesus receive my spirit”       Acts 7:59.

     B. Death Is Not “Soul Sleep”

NOTE: “Soul sleep” is not a Biblical term

          1. Death as sleep

               a. Sleep the sleep of death            Psalm 13:3

               b. Them that are asleep       I Thessalonians 4:13

               c. Stephen “fell asleep”       Acts 7:60

               d. Them that sleep in the dust of the earth Daniel 12:2

NOTE: These refer to the body, not soul

          2. The saints who are dead are not asleep

               a. Samuel – disquieted        I Samuel 28:15

               b. Moses and Elijah with Jesus on the Mount of Transfiguration Luke 9:30-31

               c. Lazarus ( and the rich man)          Luke 16:23-31

               d. The Paradise Jesus promised the thief on the cross    Luke 23:43

               e. The martyrs before God Revelation 6:9-11

          3. The wicked are alive in Sheol      Isaiah 14:9-10

     C. What Happens At Death For The Saint

          1. What doesn’t happen

               a. No river of death

NOTE: Tennyson – Crossing the Bar

               b. No scales – Good vs. Bad works

               c. No last minute decisions

          2. Biblical teaching

               a. We will be carried by angels to heaven

                    1) Hebrews 1:14

                    2) Luke 16:22

NOTE: Our guardian angels

               b. We will see Jesus            Acts 7:55-56

               c. We will meet our loved ones who have gone on before us   I Samuel 28:19; Revelation 21:3-4

               d. We will rest from our labours       Revelation 14:13

               e. We will await the resurrection

     D. What Happens At Death To The Unbeliever

          1. The wicked shall be turned into hell        Psalm 9:17

NOTE: Luke 16:22-23 … died, and buried and in hell …

          2. The place of outer darkness        Matthew 8:11-12

          3. No rest       Revelation 14:11

NOTE: vs. 13

          4. Awaiting the Great White Throne           Revelation 20:12

          5. Awaiting the Lake of Fire Revelation 20:15

T.S. WHAT CAN WE UNDERSTAND ABOUT DEATH?

          I. WE CAN UNDERSTAND THE ORIGIN OF DEATH

        II. WE CAN UNDERSTAND THE EVENT OF DEATH

III. WE CAN UNDERSTAND THE BIBLICAL ATTITUDE OF THE CHRISTIAN REGARDING DEATH

     A. There Is Consolation In The Presence Of Death

NOTE: Parting is not always sweet sorrow

           1. Jesus is able to help us because He experienced our feelings         Hebrews 2:18

          2. Jesus wept at Lazarus’ tomb even though Lazarus was to be resurrected in a few minutes          John 11:33-35

         3. The Lord is nigh unto them that are of a broken heart …   Psalm 34:18

         4. The God of all comfort     I Corinthians 1:3-4

     B. There Will Be Victory Over Death

          1. The last enemy that shall be destroyed is death          I Corinthians 15:26

          2. Jesus conquered death               II Timothy 1:10; Hebrews 2:14-15

          3. The sting of death I Corinthians 15:54, 55

          4. Death will be delegated to the Lake of Fire

               a. Revelation 20:14

               b. “There will be no more death”     Revelation 21:4

          5. Our resurrection body will never die       I Corinthians 15:53

NOTE: There will be the second death for the lost Revelation 20:14; 21:8

     C. How To Die Well

          1. Psalm 90:12 cf. Ecclesiastes 1:17-18 cf. James 3:17

          2. Psalm 48:14.

          3. I Corinthians 3:21-23

T.S. WHAT CAN WE UNDERSTAND ABOUT DEATH?

          I. WE CAN UNDERSTAND THE ORIGIN OF DEATH

        II. WE CAN UNDERSTAND THE EVENT OF DEATH

      III. WE CAN UNDERSTAND THE BIBLICAL ATTITUDE OF THE CHRISTIAN REGARDING DEATH

IV. WE CAN UNDERSTAND THE ABODE OF THE DEAD

     A. The Key Biblical Words

          1. Sheol – means, a hollow subterranean place

               a. Found 65 times in the Old Testament

               b. Translated

                    1) Hell – 31 times

                    2) Grave – 31 times

                    3) The Pit – 3 times

          2. Hades

               a. Found 10 times in the New Testament

               b. Translated “Hell”

          3. The Bottomless Pit

               a. Greek – Abussos

               b. Revelation 20:1-3

               c. The great gulf        Luke 16:26

          4. Paradise    Luke 23:43

     B. The Events Of Our Lord After His Death

          1. “This day” in Paradise      Luke 23:43

          2. Three days in the earth    Matthew 12:40

          3. He was not to remain in Hell (Abode of the death)

               a. Psalm 16:10 cf. Acts 2:27

               b. Ephesians 4:8-10

NOTE: The steps of Jesus:

          1. His death   Luke 23:46

          2. His descent into Paradise            Luke 23:43

          3. Preached to the captives in prison        I Peter 3:18-19 cf. Matthew 16:18

          4. Resurrection          Matthew 28:6

          5. Conversation with Mary Magdalene      John 20:17

          6. He led captivity captive   Ephesians 4:8-10

          7. Conversation with the disciples  John 20: 25-27

     C. The Abode Of The Dead In Christ Now

          1. Stephen    Acts 7:55, 56

          2. Paul’s third heaven           I Corinthians 12:2-4

          3. The New Jerusalem         Revelation 21:10

CONCLUSION

WHAT CAN WE UNDERSTAND ABOUT DEATH?

I. WE CAN UNDERSTAND THE ORIGIN OF DEATH

II. WE CAN UNDERSTAND THE EVENT OF DEATH

III. WE CAN UNDERSTAND THE BIBLICAL ATTITUDE OF THE CHRISTIAN REGARDING DEATH

IV. WE CAN UNDERSTAND THE ABODE OF THE DEAD

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